A Review of Finite Element Analysis (FEA) of Resistance Spot Welding (RSW)

Mehdi Jafari, Alireza Arayee, Jacek Senkara

Abstrakt


Modeling RSW was studied by many researchers with considering different electrical, thermal, and mechanical phenomena such as formation of temperature field and welding nugget growth. This paper is a review of the most important efforts in the field of FEA of RSW, by investigating present finite element method (FEM) studies. After a brief introduction on FEA studies on RSW, such numerical solution methods as FEM and FDM (Finite Difference Method) are compared. Governing electrical, thermal, and mechanical equations are then discussed. A brief investigation about applicable algorithms is presented as a procedure for numerical solution. The importance of credible material properties is emphasized and predicted results in different studies are discussed. The final two parts are about recent issues in RSW FEA process and review of special cases such as multiple-sheet, single-sided welding, shunting effect, and covered models. Conclusions and suggestions about future studies are also provided. 

Metoda analizy elementów skończonych (FEA) w zastosowaniu do zgrzewania rezystancyjnego punktowego (RSW) 

Streszczenie

Modelowanie RSW było stosowane przez wielu badaczy z uwzględnieniem różnych zjawisk elektrycznych, cieplnych i mechanicznych, takich jak powstające pole temperatury czy wzrost jądra zgrzeiny. Niniejszy artykuł stanowi przegląd najważniejszych dokonań w obszarze zastosowania FEA w RSW, zwłaszcza wyników badań metodą elementów skończonych (FEM). Po krótkim wprowadzeniu do tematu przedstawiono porównanie takich metod obliczeń numerycznych jak FEM i FDM (metoda różnic skończonych) oraz dyskusję podstawowych równań elektrycznych, cieplnych i mechanicznych. Prześledzono i przedstawiono w skrócie algorytmy stosowane w procedurach rozwiązań numerycznych. Podkreślono znaczenie używania wiarygodnych danych materiałowych oraz przedyskutowano wyniki uzyskane w trakcie różnych studiów. Końcowe dwa akapity omawiają aktualne problemy FEA dla RSW, a także przegląd modeli dla szczególnych przypadków takich jak jednoczesne zgrzewanie kilku blach, zgrzewanie jednostronne, bocznikowanie prądu zgrzewania i zgrzewanie z nakładkami. Przedstawiono także podsumowanie i sugestie dla dalszych prac. 




Słowa kluczowe


resistance spot welding; finite element analysis; review; punktowe zgrzewanie rezystancyjne; analiza elementów skończonych; przegląd zagadnienia

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Bibliografia


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26628/wtr.v88i2.571

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